For decades, scientists offered wild theories about the fabled lost continent of Lemuria in the Indian Ocean. Then, in 2013, scientists actually found some evidence.
Forget all you know about home plate tectonics, evolution, and the study of DNA for a moment. Back in the mid-1800s, a few scientists working from stint attest decided there must have been a lose continent in the indian Ocean and they called it Lemuria .
On this lost continent, some even thought, there once lived a race of now-extinct humans called Lemurians who had four arms and enormous, hermaphroditic bodies but however are the ancestors of contemporary humans ( and possibly besides lemurs ) .
And ampere absurd as this all sounds, the mind flourished for a time both in popular culture and some corners of the scientific community. Of run, modern skill has long since debunked the estimate of Lemuria wholly .
But then, in 2013, geologists discovered testify of a lose continent precisely where Lemuria was said to have existed and the old theories started cropping up once again.
Lemuria theories inaugural became popular in 1864, when british lawyer and zoologist Philip Lutley Sclater wrote a composition titled “ The Mammals of Madagascar ” and had it published in the The quarterly Journal of Science. Sclater observed that there were many more species of lemur in Madagascar than there were in either Africa or India, frankincense claiming that Madagascar was the animal ’ randomness original fatherland .
furthermore, he proposed that what had allowed lemurs to first migrate to India and Africa from Madagascar long ago was a now-lost landmass stretching across the southern indian Ocean in a triangular supreme headquarters allied powers europe. This continent of “ Lemuria, ” Sclater suggested, touched India ’ s southerly detail, southerly Africa, and western Australia and finally sunk to the ocean floor .
This theory came at a time when the science of evolution was in its infancy, notions of continental drift weren ’ thyroxine wide accepted, and many big scientists were using land bridge theories to explain how versatile animals once migrated from one seat to another ( a theory similar to Sclater ’ second had even been proposed by french naturalist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire two decades earlier ). therefore, Sclater ’ s hypothesis gained some grip .
soon, other noted scientists and authors took the Lemuria hypothesis and play with it. Later in the 1860s, german biologist Ernst Haeckel began publishing work claim that Lemuria was what allowed humans to first migrate out of Asia ( believed by some at the meter to be the birthplace of world ) and into Africa .
Haeckel even suggested that Lemuria ( a.k.a. “ Paradise ” ) may have been the very cradle of world itself. As he wrote in 1870 :
“ The probable aboriginal home or ‘ Paradise ’ is hera assumed to be Lemuria, a tropical celibate at present lying below the level of the indian Ocean, the former being of which in the third time period seems very probable from numerous facts in animal and vegetable geography. ”
With avail from Haeckel, Lemuria theories persisted throughout the 1800s and into the early 1900s ( frequently discussed alongside the myth of Kumari Kandam, a proposed lost celibate in the indian Ocean that once housed a Tamil refinement ). This was before modern science discovered ancient human remains in Africa that suggested that continent was actually the cradle of world. This was besides ahead modern seismologists understood how plate tectonics moved the once-connected continents away from each other into their portray forms.
Without such cognition, many continued to embrace the notion of Lemuria, specially after russian occultist, culture medium, and writer Elena Blavatskaja published The Secret Doctrine in 1888. This book proposed the theme that there were once seven ancient races of humanity and that Lemuria had been the home of one of them. This 15-foot-tall, four-armed, hermaphroditic subspecies flourished alongside the dinosaurs, Blavatskaja said. Fringe theories tied suggested that these Lemurians evolved into the lemur we have today .
Afterward, Lemuria intelligibly found its way into novels, movies, and comic books good into the 1940s. many people saw these works of fiction and wondered where authors and filmmakers got these fanciful ideas. well, they got their ideas from scientists and writers about 75 years ahead .
debauched forward to 2013. Any scientific theories of a lose continent and land bridge responsible for the migration of lemur is gone. however, geologists have now discovered traces of a lost celibate in the indian Ocean .
Scientists found fragments of granite in the ocean south of India along a shelf that extends hundreds of miles south of the state towards Mauritius .
On Mauritius, geologists found zircon despite the fact that the island only came into being 2 million years ago when, thanks to plate tectonics and volcanoes, it lento rose out of the indian Ocean as a small landmass. however, the zircon they found there dated to 3 billion years ago, eons before the island had even formed .
What this mean, scientists theorized, was that the zircon had come from a much older landmass that long ago done for into the indian Ocean. Sclater ’ s fib about Lemuria was true — about. Rather than call this discovery Lemuria, geologists named the proposed lose continent Mauritia .
Based on plate tectonics and geological data, Mauritia disappeared into the indian Ocean around 84 million years ago, when this area of earth was hush turning into the shape it holds nowadays.
And while this generally lines up with what Sclater had once claimed, the raw testify puts the notion of an ancient race of Lemurians that evolved into lemurs to rest. Mauritia disappeared 84 million years ago, but lemurs didn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate develop on Madagascar until about 54 million years ago when they swam to the island from mainland Africa ( which was closer to Madagascar than it is nowadays ) .
however, Sclater and some of the early scientists of the mid-1800s were partially right about Lemuria despite their express cognition. A doomed continent didn ’ t suddenly sink into the indian Ocean and vanish without a trace. But, long ago, there was something there, something that is immediately gone everlastingly .
After this look at the “ lost continent ” of Lemuria, uncover the mysteries of the fabled lost cities and slump cities of the ancient populace. then, read up on Atlantis and some of the other greatest mysteries in human history .